How can passenger data be optimally used and are efficiently protected at the same time for the benefit of the passengers and the company? And how can digitalized work processes in the aerospace industry be effectively protected against cyberattacks?
Development cycles in the aerospace industry are much slower than in the automotive industry. Aircraft are often in use for decades. As a result, this industry often has to deal with difficult legacy systems, which can usually elude an IT security upgrade.
If we look at the on-board electronics of airplanes in particular, they are usually very complex and consist of vast amounts of code lines.
This leads to a high vulnerability or bugs in the code that allow access for manipulation or worse.
However, dangers do not only threaten from within the aircraft, because aircraft are networked with a wide range of communication services such as dispatch and flight control systems, whose signals can be disturbed (“jamming”) or manipulated (“spoofing”). The spectrum of possible targets for those attacks thus begins with the production facilities of aircraft manufacturers and ends with the networked IT infrastructures.
This example illustrates in an unpleasant way that insufficiently protected data and outdated IT infrastructures are the Achilles heel of these industries.